About Australia

Australia officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands. It is the largest country in Oceania and the world's sixth-largest country by total area. The neighboring countries are Papua New Guinea, Indonesia and East Timor to the north; the Solomon Islands and Vanuatu to the north-east; and New Zealand to the south-east. Australia's capital is Canberra, and its largest urban area is Sydney

Capital Canberra
Largest city Sydney
Official language and national language English
Area 7,692,024 km2
Total Water (%) 0.76
Population 24,606,100
Currency Australian dollar (AUD)
Time zone (UTC+8 to +10.5) (UTC+8 to +11.5)

Best Time to visit

While the speculations are on about the best time to visit Australia, most of the tourists opt for spring that runs from September to November and autumn that runs from March to May as the best seasons to visit Australia.

Visa

Below is the link for applying Australia visa.
https://www.eta.immi.gov.au/ETAS3/etas

Currency

The currency in Australia is the Australian dollar. Its currency code is AUD.Credit cards are accepted in most tourist areas but it can be difficult to use them in more rural areas, and small towns. It is best to have Australian dollars in cash. Usually, the best is by far to have Australian because this allows you to negotiate and above all to better control your expenses. Of course Euros are accepted in some places and US dollars are used almost everywhere on the planet. But whatever the trade (excursions, souvenirs, restaurants or hotels), IF YOU PAY IN A CURRENCY OTHER THAN THE AUSTRALIAN DOLLAR, THE APPLIED EXCHANGE RATE IS INCONTROLLABLE. For example, tour operators or travel agencies that establish grids in US dollars for trips to Australia do not adjust their prices on a daily basis and do not print new brochures at each rate change whereas the exchange rates change every day! They do this to help people feel more comfortable when they see prices in their currency but a wise traveler should acquire the habit to think in term of local currency.

Voltage

Mains voltage in Australia is 230V 50Hz. Travelers from most nations in Asia, Africa and Europe should have appliances that work on the same mains voltage as Australia - therefore you will not need a voltage converter. Notable exceptions to this are Japan, USA and Canada which uses 100/120V 50/60Hz. The plugs in Australia have two flat metal pins shaped live a "V" and some may contain a third flat pin in the centre.

Demographics

In 2016, more than a quarter (26%) of Australia's population were born overseas; the five largest immigrant groups were those born in England (3.9%), New Zealand (2.2%), Mainland China (2.2%), India (1.9%), and the Philippines (1%). Following the abolition of the White Australia policy in 1973, numerous government initiatives have been established to encourage and promote racial harmony based on a policy of multiculturalism. In 2015–16, there were 189,770 permanent immigrants admitted to Australia, mainly from Asia. The Indigenous population—Aborigines and Torres Strait Islanders—was counted at 649,171 (2.8% of the total population) in 2016.The increase is partly due to many people with Indigenous heritage previously having been overlooked by the census due to undercount and cases where their Indigenous status had not been recorded on the form. Indigenous Australians experience higher than average rates of imprisonment and unemployment, lower levels of education, and life expectancies for males and females that are, respectively, 11 and 17 years lower than those of non-indigenous Australians.Some remote Indigenous communities have been described as having "failed state"-like conditions. In common with many other developed countries, Australia is experiencing a demographic shift towards an older population, with more retirees and fewer people of working age. In 2004, the average age of the civilian population was 38.8 years.[240] A large number of Australians (759,849 for the period 2002–03; 1 million or 5% of the total population in 2005) live outside their home country.

Largest cities or towns

1. Sydney 2. Melbourne
3. Brisbane 4. Perth
5. Adelaide 6. Gold Coast–Tweed Heads
7. Newcastle–Maitland 8. Canberra–Queanbeyan
9. Sunshine Coast 10. Wollongong

Languages

According to the 2016 census, English is the only language spoken in the home for close to 72.7% of the population. The next most common languages spoken at home are Mandarin (2.5%), Arabic (1.4%), Cantonese (1.2%), Vietnamese (1.2%) and Italian (1.2%).[247] A considerable proportion of first- and second-generation migrants are bilingual.



Religion

• 52.1% Christianity
• 30.1% No religion
• 9.6% Not stated or unclear
• 2.6% Islam
• 2.5% Buddhism
• 1.9% Hinduism
• 0.8% Other religions
• 0.4% Judaism

Culture

Since 1788, the primary influence behind Australian culture has been Anglo-Celtic Western culture, with some Indigenous influences. The divergence and evolution that has occurred in the ensuing centuries has resulted in a distinctive Australian culture. Since the mid-20th century, American popular culture has strongly influenced Australia, particularly through television and cinema. Other cultural influences come from neighboring Asian countries, and through large-scale immigration from non-English-speaking nations


Festivals

Festivals have become ubiquitous in Australia, with hundreds held each year. Some are as small as the community-based Apollo Bay Music Festival and Thirroul Seaside and Arts Festival, while others, such as the Falls Festival and Woodford Folk Festival, are able to bring international performers to Australian audiences and showcase Australian works.

Looking for the best music festivals in Australia? Look no further. I’ve compiled the ultimate bucket list of music festivals in the land down under. Something I’ve realized about living in this amazing country, is that there is always something fun to do, and that includes music festivals. Every weekend there’s always some event, party, or festival to check out.

Whether you’re living in Australia, backpacking around, studying abroad, or on a working holiday visa - definitely check out this list of the best parties to attend. From the massive raves, boutique camping festivals, and epic bush doofs - Australia has all the festival junkies covered.

Weather condition

Australia's seasons are at opposite times to those in the northern hemisphere. December to February is summer; March to May is autumn; June to August is winter; and September to November is spring. Plan ahead with this information on weather and rainfall in Australia's capital cities.



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