Thanjavur - About a thousand years ago, Thanjavur was the capital of the powerful Chola dynasty. Today, it is the little town set amidst the lush green rice fields of the Cauvery delta. Magnificent temples, still bear witness to the splendour of Chola architecture.
Thanjavur's crowning glory is its Brihadeeshwara temple with its 66.5 m high'srivimana' dominating the city. The monolithic granite block that forms a cupola on the top, weighs 81.3 tonnes, reflecting the architectural prowess of the Chola builders. Thanjavur is an established centre of learning and its Saraswati Mahal Library instituted by the Maratha ruler Serfoji, hasan extensive collection of over 30,000 manuscripts, palm leaf inscriptions and books.
In January, the Thiruvaiyaru Music Festival is held in honour ofthe composer and saint Thyagaraja. It attracts eminent musicians andconnoisseurs of Carnatic music.