The The Andaman and Nicobar is an archipelago of picturesque islands with a total number of 572 out of which some are inhabited and some are uninhabited. This Union Territory of India is situated in the Bay of Bengal covering a distance of 800 Kms. from North to South. The hill areas are spreading from Myanmar to Indonesia covered with dense forests and an endless variety of lush green flora, exquisite fauna, underwater marine life and coral reefs, lovely beaches with crystal clear water, clean environment, roads, all round greenery offer a dream view the rarest gift of nature. These islands offer a wonderful experience to the nature lover to experience peace and tranquility and other activities like Elephant Safari, Trekking, Lagoon Cruise, Island Camping etc. in the lap of the Mother Earth.
There is tremendous scope for enjoying the green nature, the virgin beaches, the marvels of underwater, adventure water sports ad other activities like Elephant Safari, Trekking, Lagoon Cruise, Island Camping etc
From the very beginning, these islands were mostly dominated by the aboriginal tribes, mainly comprised of the Negritos and the Mongoloids who occupied these islands for centuries. The earliest reference to this island can be traced back to the second century when Claudius Ptolemaeus located the Island in the maps. It was only in 1777 that the first survey was conducted by the British which gives the clear history of this Island followed by their first settlement in 1789 which was later abandoned in 1796. After the revolt of 1857 in India, the settlement was basically of convicts, criminal tribes and refugees.
Andaman and Nicobar Island is situated in the Bay of Bengal comprised of the group of 572 islands with a distance of 1255 km. from Kolkata, 193 km away from Myanmar and 1190 km from Chennai. The Islands are located between the latitudes 6° to 14° North and longitudes 92° to 94° East.
The islands have a tropical climate throughout the year with mean minimum temperature 23oC and maximum at 31oC with medium to heavy rain during the monsoon from May to mid September and November to mid December. There is no extreme climate except rains and tropical storms in late summer often cause heavy damage. Tropical Humidity is relatively high – 70% to 90% with a gentle breeze blowing all the time. The weather is generally pleasant with average annual rainfall at 3000mm at Port Blair.
Flora and Fauna
These Islands are blessed with a unique luxuriant evergreen tropical canopied rain forests of the islands harbor 3,000 species of plants including mangroves, epiphytes (130 ferns, 100 orchids), sheltering a mixed germ plasm bank, comprising of Indian, Myanmarese, Malaysian, timbers (teak, mahogany, Andaman paduk) and a wide variety of tropical fruits and endemic floral strain. So far, about 2200 varieties of plants have been recorded out of which 200 are endemic and 1300 do not occur in mainland India. Considering the diversity and uniqueness of fauna and flora and the fragile nature of the eco-system here, 96 sanctuaries spread over 466.218 sq km and nine National Parks spread over 1153.938 sq km have been notified on these islands.
The Andaman & Nicobar Islands are a once in a lifetime holiday experience with a veritable Garden of Eden and a naturalist's heaven, clean environment, roads, greenery as well as unpolluted fresh air attract all nature lovers. The tropical rain forests and waters of Bay of Bengal are the home of a vast collection of plant, animal and marine life. Adventure tourism like trekking, Island camping, snorkeling, scuba diving etc. and other water sports are the real attractions