Bihar's antiquity is evident from its name, which is derived from the ancient word "Vihara" which means monastery. It is indeed a land of monasteries. Hindu, Buddhist, Jain, Muslim and Sikh shrines abound in this ancient land where India's first major empires rose and fell where the ruins of the worlds' earliest university slumber in the void of time where the seeds of the first republic were sown which cultivated the first crop of democracy in the world, where kingdom after kingdom rose and fell, leaving their indelible mark on history. Such fertile is the soil that has given birth to innumerous intellectuals which spread the light of knowledge and wisdom not only in the country but in the whole world.
This landlocked state of Bihar is surrounded by Nepal, Bengal, Orissa, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh and comprises four cultural regions - Bhojpur, Mithila and Magadha and Chotanagpur. Rivers Kosi and Gandak from the north and Sone from the south join the Ganga. In the fertile plains, rice, sugarcane, oilseeds, gram, maize, jute, barley and wheat are cultivated. Bihar offers to tourists a variegated wealth of Indian civilization, history and culture compelled with exquisite scenic beauties and wild life within its precinct are places like Rajgir and Patliputra, ancient capital of mighty Magadhan Empire, Vaishali -the First Republican State of the world; Bodhgaya where Lord Buddha attained the supreme enlightenment, Nalanda - the great seat of international learning and Patna Saheb - the birth place of Guru Govind Singh, the last Guru of the Sikh. Tour to Bihar is a solitary masterpiece shimmering with the glory of ancient monuments and world heritage sites.