After independence in 1947, Jharkhand state was a part of Bihar but the movement launched by the Jharkhand Mukti Morcha impelled the government to establish the Jharkhand Area Autonomous Council in 1995 and finally a full-fledged State in 2000 with Ranchi as its capital. Jharkhand is famous for its rich mineral resources like Uranium, Mica, Bauxite, Granite, Gold, Silver, Graphite, Magnetite, Dolomite, Fireclay, Quartz, Fieldspar, Coal, Iron, Copper etc.
Forests and woodlands occupy more than 29% of the state which is amongst the highest in India. Some of the famous cities are Jamshedpur, Bokaro, Sindri, Giridih, Gumla, Deoghar, Daltonganj, Hazaribagh and Dhanbad once a part of West Bengal. Other tourist attractions are Dassam Falls, Hundru Falls, Jonha Falls, Hirni Falls, Ranchi Hill, Tagore Hill, Ranchi Lake, Gonda Hill and Rock Garden, Tagore Hill, Jagannathpur Temple and Hill, Angrabadi, Sun Temple, Netarhat popularly called the `Queen of Chhotanagpur', Jubilee Park Jamshedpur, Tata Steel Zoological Park, Sir Dorabji Tata Park, Rivers' Meet, Hudco Lake, Dimna Lake, Dalma Wildlife Sanctuary, Hazaribagh National Park etc. Some major fairs and festivals are Kunda Mela in Pratappur, Kolhua Mela in Hunterganj, Chatra Mela, Kundri Mela in Chatra, Kolhaiya Mela in Chatra, Tutilawa Mela in Simaria etc.