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Manas Tiger Reserve

Manas Tiger ReserveGeneral Information
State: Assam
Location: 176-km From Guwahati, Assam
Area: 391-sq-kms
Best time to visit: October To April
Nearest Town: Barpeta Road (40 Km)


The Manas Reserve, located in the foothills of the Bhutan hills, far from human habitation, is a world in itself. The Manas River flowing through the Park demarcates the border between India and Bhutan. The Park has vast deciduous forests where the dense cover often cuts out the light. Its wet grasslands are the home of the rhino, water buffalo, elephant and tiger. Manas is noted for its population of the rare golden langur - found only in this part of the country. They are often spotted in the tall trees.

Wildlife Attractions
Manas Tiger Reserve provides shelter to a variety of wildlife, including 55 mammalian species, 36 reptilian species and 3 amphibian species, thus making it the greatest protected area in India in terms of numbers. The tiger population at Manas Reserve is approximately 80 in number. Apart from the ones named above, capped langurs, hoolock gibbons, Assamese macaques, slow lorises, leopards, panthers, golden cat, fishing cat, marbled cat, binturongs, sloth bears, wild dogs, Ganges dolphins, hog deer, Indian muntjacs, water buffaloes, gaurs (Indian bison), giant squirrels, hispid hare, otters, Indian pangolins, and some 2,000 elephants are also found here. The rare and attractive red panda has been spotted occasionally in the higher elevated portions of the forest. Over 450 species of birds have been recorded, including the Bengal florican, great pied hornbill, wreathed hornbill and few unique species of waterfowls. Reptiles include different species of snakes and the monitor lizards. The Assam roofed turtle was spotted at the Reserve as recently as 1989. Manas forest is possibly as diverse as a natural biosphere can be. Its vegetation ranges from tropical semi-evergreen forests in the northern parts to tropical moist and dry deciduous forests of the other regions. There are extensive alluvial grasslands in the western region of the park, which comprises a variety of different grasses and shrubbery. There is also a considerable variety of aquatic flora along the Manas River. One can hire a jeep to go around the park. The Assam StatTiger Reserve Manase Tourist Department conducts tours, including boat trips and elephant rides. These trips are both convenient and cost effective.

Other Attractions
Barpeta Barpeta has various attractions including the famous Vaishnava monastery. Acharya Madhabdev's statue is installed within the monastery and its Kirtan Hall is a notable touring spot.

History
Manas is located along the Indo-Bhutan border with contiguous wildlife habitats in Bhutan. Manas Sanctuary was established in 1928. Prior to that the Raja of Gauripur and the Cooch-Behar royal family used Manas as their hunting grounds. The area was declared a National Park in 1990.

Climate
The Manas park has a typical tropical climate with hot Summers and cold winters. Take cotton cloths for summers and do not forget to pack woolens during winters. The average rainfall that the park gets is 160 cms, but the monsoon months bring heavy downpours, which often flood the park.

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