Home Tour Packages Hotels Review India Holidays Places Visit Luxury Holidays Contact Us
Wildlife in India Indian Holidays
Home >> Tour Packages >> Wildlife in India

Sunderbans National Park

Sunderbans National ParkGeneral Information
State: West Bengal
Location: West Bengal
Area: 2608 sq. kms.
Best time to visit: September to March
Nearest Town: Calcutta

Situated on the lower end of the Gangetic West Bengal, 22.00° N – 89.00° E, is this world’s largest delta covered by mangrove forest and vast saline mud flats. A land of 54 tiny islands, crisscrossed by innumerable tributaries of Ganga, that was once infested by Arakanese and Portuguese pirates is now the abode of varied flora & fauna population. An area of 9630 sq. km., where 70 percent is under saline water makes the life of commoners, mostly honey-catchers, prawn-catchers and fishermen, very difficult. This is Sunderbans, the world’s largest estuarine forest.

Wildlife Attractions
Tigers
Sunderbans is the largest estuarine delta in the world and the biggest colony of the Royal Bengal Tigers. These evergreen mangrove forests pulsate with myriad forms of life, which hide during hide tide and the ebbing tide reveals them on the glistening mud flats. The land is split by numerous rivers and water channels all emptying into the Bay of Bengal. It is believed that Bonbibi, the goddess of the forest, protects the woodcutters, honey-collectors and fishermen on their hazardous missions through the forest. For, as the local saying goes, `here the tiger is always watching you'.

National Park SunderbansProject Tiger
Project Tiger was implemented here in 1973 and later the Sunderbans Tiger Reserve was demarcated over an area of 2,585-sq km. The core area of 1,330 sq km has been declared a national park and a world heritage site. The reserve has a tiger population of 287(1984 census). The only mangrove species, the tiger here has adapted well to its habitat.

Reptiles
The Sunderbans provide important habitat for a variety of reptiles including river terrapin (Batagur baska E), Olive Ridley (Lepidochelys olivacea E), estuarine crocodile (Crocodylus porosus E), monitor lizard (Varanus flavescens), water monitor (Varanus salvator) and Indian python (Python molurus V). The only species of turtle known to nest in the Sunderbans is the Olive Ridley but hawksbill (Eretmochelys imbricata) has also been caught in fishermen's nets. The creeks are spawning grounds for some 90 species of fish, 48 species of crabs and a large variety of molluscs.

Climate
The region has a tropical climate with hot summers and cold winters. Maximum and minimum temperatures during the summer are 42°C and 37°C respectively. In winters, the maximum and minimum temperatures are 29°C and 9.2°C respectively.

India Wildlife Tour Packages
Golden Triangle and Tiger Golden Triangle, Birds & Tiger In Search of A Tiger Call of the Wild
Wildlife of Gujarat Golden Triangle, Tiger & Udaipur Central India Tiger Tour Nepal wildlife Tour
Wildlife Adventure Tour Elephant Safari India & Nepal Wildlife Tour Wild & Heritage Karnataka Trail
Sunderbans Jungle Camp Golden Triangle, Tiger & Ganges Northern and Eastern India Wildlife Tour
 
Goa India | Travel To India | Vacation Packages India | India Tour Operator | Temples | India Travel Packages | India Travel Guide
Tirupati Tours| South Travel | Shirdi Saibaba Temple | Rajasthan Tour | Kerala Tours | Indian Embassy World | sitemap1
India Tourism | North India Travel| India Information | Indian States| Buddhist Tour India | Indian Holidays