Lumbini is regarded as the holiest place for the Buddhist as Jerusalem to Christians and Mecca to Muslims, where the Lord Buddha - the apostle of peace and the light of Asia was born in 623 B. C. The Chinese travelers Huan Tsang and Faeihan also described about this place as "Lumbini - where the lord was born is a piece of heaven on earth and one could see the snowy mountains amidst a splendid garden-embedded with stupas and monasteries!" The Buddhist pilgrimage site of Lumbini is situated in the district of Rupandehi in Nepal near the Indian border where Buddha spent his life since his childhood up to the age of 29.
Lumbini - the World Heritage Site
The holy site of Lumbini became the World Heritage Site in 1997 and was nominated for World Heritage Program where the archaeological remains, ancient ruins and antiquities, found associated with the birth of the Lord Buddha. This place has become one of the most-visited sites of the world where not only the followers of Buddhism make their religious trip but followers of other faiths visited to explore the historical evidence of the Buddhism which spread not only in the Indian subcontinent but also in other parts of the world like Thailand, Cambodia, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Laos, Vietnam, Japan, Macau, Taiwan etc. the holy place of Lumbini is divided into two zones where eastern zone contains only the Theravadin monasteries and western zone having Mahayana and Vajrayana monasteries.
Temples in Lumbini
As the birth place of Gautam Buddha, Lumbini is full of Buddhist temples including the Maya Devi temple where Maya Devi gave birth to the Lord Buddha. The recent excavations have proved the exact location of the birth place where a stone bearing a "foot imprint" has been found. Other temples at Lumbini are International Gautami Nuns temple, Myanmar Temple, China Temple, Dharma Swami Maharaja Buddha Vihara, Nepal Buddha Temple. However, the modern Buddhist temples at Lumbini contain a medieval architecture with large image of Buddha.
Pilgrimage Attractions of Lumbini
Lumbini is famous all over the world for various pilgrimage centres that are associated with the life of Lord Buddha. Some of the major attractions of Lumbini are Lumbini Museum, Gotihawa, Kudan, Niglihawa, Sagarhawa, Ramgram Kingdom, Tilaurakot, The Ashokan Pillar, Puskarni - the Sacred Pool, Sanctum-Sanctorum, Kapilvastu, Aroarakot etc.