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Amritsar Travel Guide

Amritsar Travel GuideThe word ‘Amritsar’ derives its name from Amŗit-sarovar literally meaning “The Pool of the Nectar of Immortality”. Amritsar attracted the tourists from all over the world for spiritual tourism because Amritsar is regarded as the spiritual and cultural capital of the Sikh religion. The city is dominated by the history of the Sikhs and many of their sacred shrines are found in and around the city. It was established by Guru Ramdas.

Amritsar city has highest temporal seat of Sikhs “The Harimandir Sahib” popularly known as Golden Temple. The city has central old city called walled city. It has narrow zig zag streets mostly developed in the 17th and 18th century. The city has a peculiar example of introvert planning system and has unique areas called Katras. The Katras are self styled residential units that provided unique defense system during attacks on the city. The main tourist attractions are: The Golden Temple where Sikhs from all over the world come to pay their reverence to Guru Granth Sahib and take a dip in the Amrit Saras Kund for spiritual purification. Within the sacred precincts of the Golden Temple, a devotee can seek blessing at: The Akal Takht, Har Ki Pauri, Dukh Bhanjani Ber (Jujube Tree), Thara Sahib, Ber Baba Budha Ji, Gurudwara Ilachi Ber, Ath Sath Tirath, Bunga Baba Deep Singh etc. Jalianwala Bagh is a poignant memorial of the freedom movement where General Dyer, a British general ordered firings against innocent people on April 13, 1919 which took lives of over 2000 unarmed people. This site encloses a memorial with an eternal flame, dedicated to the martyrs. Durgiana Temple is dedicated to Goddess Durga and is a centre of pilgrimage for devout Hindus. Wagah Border is an international border between Amritsar and Lahore.

The daily highlight is the evening “Beating the Retreat” ceremony. Soldiers from both countries march in perfect drill, going through the steps of bringing down their respective national flags. Ram Bagh was named by the ruler himself as a tribute to Guru Ram Das, is now a museum having weapons dating back to Mughal times, portraits of ruling houses of Punjab and a replica of diamond “Kohinoor”. Ram Tirath has an ancient tank and many temples. A hut marks the site where Mata Sita gave birth to Luv and Kush and also, still extant are Rishi Valmiki's hut and the well with stairs where Mata Sita used to take her bath. Pul Kanjari is another heritage sight built by Maharaja Ranjit Singh around which are sewn many tales and legends. Some other tourist attractions are Samadhi of Guru Angad Dev Ji, Jama Masjid Khairuddin, Samadhi of Shravan, Khoo Kalyanwala, The Historical Banyan Tree (Shaheedi Bohr) etc. Amritsar is famous for its popular festivals like Baisakhi and Guru Nanak Jayanti. Baisakhi, the festival of spring, is celebrated here every year on 13th of April. Guru Nanak Jayanti is the birthday of Guru Nanak Devji Maharaj which falls in the month of October.

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