The word Bihar is derived from the Sanskrit word “Vihara” which means monastery. It is one of the 28th States of Indian Union which shares its borders with Uttar Pradesh to the west, West Bengal to the east, and Jharkhand to the south. If one talks about the ancient India, it is the history of Bihar where India’s first major empires rose and fell. Bihar is the most attractive tourist destination of India where the ruins of the world’s earliest Nalanda University lie, where the Chinese traveler Hieun Tsang stayed for his education, where many dynasties of ancient India came into power and disintegrated, where the first settlement was supposed to be made on the very fertile Indo-Gangetic Plain, where two great religions of the world Buddhism and Jainism took birth, where the earliest seeds of democracy took roots and blossomed into the form of governance often compared with the Greek democracy which combinedly exemplified the past glory of the present Bihar.
Tourist Attractions of Bihar
Bihar was, Bihar is and Bihar will remain the most sought-after tourist destination all over the Buddhist world. The tourists from all over the world visited Bihar to see the sites of Lord Buddha and Lord Mahavira. Some of the famous tourist attractions of Bihar are Vaishali where Lord Buddha preached, where Lord Mahavira was born, where the first republican form of government took its birth; Patna once called Patliputra was one of the world's oldest capital cities; Rajgir was the capital of Magadha Empire; Pawapuri where founder of Jainism Lord Mahavira breathed his last; Bodhgaya where Lord Buddha attained enlightenment, where Buddhists of Japan, Thailand, Myanmar, Sri Lanka etc. established their monasteries; Nalanda where the oldest university of the world flourished during 5th century BC; Khuda Baksh Oriental Library situated in Patna where the rarest collection of Muslim manuscripts are preserved including some from the University of Cordoba in Spain.
Other Tourist Attractions of Bihar
Tour to Bihar fascinated the minds of the tourists with its endless itineraries like Pawapuri, Tar (Bhojpur), Ahirauli (Buxur), Ram Rekha Ghat (Buxur), Pretshila Hills (Gaya), Giddheshwar (Jamui), Kako (Jehanabad), Singheshwar Asthan (Madhepura), Phullahar (Madhubani), Sita Kund (Munger), Ramchura (Vaishali), Ahilya Asthan (Darbhanga), Janki Temple (Sitamarhi), Chanki Garh and Valmiki Nagar (West Champaran), Maner Sharif (Patna), Khankah Mujibia (Phulwari Sharif, Patna), Khankah Emadia (Mangal Talab, Patna City), Dargah Sharif, (Patna City), Hajipur Karbala (Vaishali), Hasanpura (Siwan), Bibi Kamaal Sahiba (Kako, Jehanabad), Bari Dargah (Bihar Sharif, Nalanda), Chhoti Dargah (Bihar Sharif, Nalanda), Motihari (East Champaran), Hazarimal Dharamshala, Betia (West Champaran), Gandhi Sangrahalay (Patna Museum) and many more to explore!
Wild Life Sanctuaries and National Parks of Bihar
Some of the famous wildlife sanctuaries and national parks of Bihar are Valmiki National Park in West Champaran, Bhimbandh Wild Life Sanctuary in Munger, Rajgir Sanctuary in Rajagir, Kaimur Wild Life Sanctuary in Kaimur, Gautam Buddha Sanctuary in Gaya, Udaipur Wild Life Sanctuary in West Champaran, Kabar Jheel Bird Sanctuary in Begusarai, Gogabil Bird Sanctuary in Katihar etc.