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Keoladeo National Park, Bharatpur

Keoladeo National Park BharatpurGeneral Information

State:   Rajasthan
Nearest Town   Bharatpur (2 km)
Breeding Season   August - October
Migrants   October - February
Best Time to Visit   Throughout the Year
Species Found  

Siberian crane, cormorant, stork, spoon bill, quail, coot, heron, teal, tern, sambar, chital, blackbuck, wild boar, civet etc.

How to Reach There   Railways, Airways and Roadways

The Keoladeo National Park was known by various names during its course of evolution like Keoladeo Ghana National Park, Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary. The word Keoladeo is derived from the name of ancient temple devoted to Lord Shiva and the word “Ghana” is derived from Hindi, which implies for dense. This sanctuary of Rajasthan is famous in the world as “avifauna sanctuary” where large number of aquatic birds comes from Afghanistan, Turkmenistan, China and Siberia. As per the records over 364 species of birds, including the rare Siberian crane have made the Keoladeo National Park as their home. That is why this park is regarded as the hub of ornithologist for their research works on the various species of birds. During its evolution, it was declared as a protected sanctuary in 1971 and was declared as World Heritage Site in 1985!
National Park Keoladeo Bharatpur

The history of this National Park can be traced back to as early as 250 years ago when it was named after the Shiva Temple as “Keoladeo”. The next milestone started between the periods of 1726 to 1763 when the ruler Maharaja Suraj Mal constructed the Ajan Bund at Bharatpur primarily for hunting purpose. During the British period, Duck Shoots were organized yearly to welcome the British Viceroys. It is said, “over 4,273 birds such as mallards and teals were killed by Lord Linlithgow, the then Governor General of India” in 1938 Shoot! Even after the independence of India, the shootings were allowed for the rulers of the Princely States. Perhaps the first step towards the preservation of the birds was taken in the year 1982 when grazing was banned in the park. The government actions to conserve the Keoladeo National Park also resulted into the clash between the local people and the government. However, in 1981 the area was notified as a National Park and finally came into effect in November 1982. The contribution of conserving the birds and making it the National Park goes to Dr. Salim Ali. His efforts were fruition when the UNESCO accepted Keoladeo National Park, Bharatpur as a World Heritage Site.

Location of Keoladeo National Park
The Keoladeo Ghana National Park situated in between the world’s major tourist destinations and India’s most historic cities - Agra and Jaipur. It is located in the Indian state of Rajasthan on the western zone of India from where the national capital of Delhi is just 190 Kms.

Season to Visit Keoladeo National Park
The park remained the centre of attraction for the domestic and international tourists throughout the year. However, the best season to visit this park is August to November especially for resident breeding birds and between November to March for migratory birds.

Access to Keoladeo National Park
The Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary is well connected by roadways from where Agra is situated at distance of 56 Km that takes only 5 hours, Delhi is situated at a distance of 176 Km, that takes only 5 hours and Jaipur is located 176 km from Bharatpur with 6 hours. All these major cities are also have airports. The Bharatpur Railway Station is 6 Km from Keoladeo National Park.

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